AI outperforms humans in standardized tests of creative potential
In a recent study, 151 human participants were pitted against ChatGPT-4 in three tests designed to measure divergent thinking, which is considered to be an indicator of creative thought.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:47:58 EST
More schooling is linked to slowed aging and increased longevity
Participants in the Framingham Heart Study who achieved higher levels of education tended to age more slowly and went on to live longer lives as compared to those who did not achieve upward educational mobility.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:47:50 EST
A mental process that leads to putting off an unpleasant task
Putting off a burdensome task may seem like a universal trait, but new research suggests that people whose negative attitudes tend to dictate their behavior in a range of situations are more likely to delay tackling the task at hand.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:47:45 EST
Early vocabulary size is genetically linked to ADHD, literacy, and cognition
Are genetic factors underlying children's language development linked to later-life outcomes? In a genome-wide analysis, an international research team found genetic associations between children's early vocabulary size and later-life ADHD, literacy, and general cognition. These associations changed dynamically across the first three years of life. Both producing more words in infancy and understanding fewer words in toddlerhood were associated with a higher risk of ADHD.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:46:57 EST
Study identifies multi-organ response to seven days without food
New findings reveal that the body undergoes significant, systematic changes across multiple organs during prolonged periods of fasting. The results demonstrate evidence of health benefits beyond weight loss, but also show that any potentially health-altering changes appear to occur only after three days without food.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:46:49 EST
Shining a light on the effects of habituation and neural adaptation on the evolution of animal signals
A new paper examines the possible effects of two properties of receiver playing fields documented in studies of animal psychology -- habituation and neural adaptation -- on the efficacy of mate choice signals.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 18:28:25 EST
Parents, wealth, race drive girls' chances to play sports
The likelihood that a girl will participate in high school sports in the United States is driven not so much by individual choice, new research suggests. Instead, decisions made by parents, the wealth of one's family and community, and racial dynamics matter.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:47:11 EST
Poor spatial navigation could predict Alzheimer's disease years before the onset of symptoms
People at risk of Alzheimer's disease have impaired spatial navigation prior to problems with other cognitive functions, including memory, finds a new study.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:45:59 EST
Lockdowns had an impact on gut microbes and allergies in newborns, new research reveals
Lockdowns imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the gut microbiome development of babies born during these periods according to new research. Our gut microbiome, an ecosystem of microbes that live in our digestive tract, plays an essential role in human health. The study reveals significant differences in the microbiome development of babies born during lockdown periods when compared to pre-pandemic babies.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:41:44 EST
Continued cocaine use disrupts communication between major brain networks
New research provides new insights into the brain processes underlying cocaine addiction. The findings are crucial for developing new therapeutics and identifying an imaging marker for cocaine use disorders.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 15:47:23 EST
New tool helps decipher gene behavior
Scientists have extensively researched the structure and sequence of genetic material and its interactions with proteins in the hope of understanding how our genetics and environment interact in diseases. This research has partly focused on 'epigenetic marks', which are chemical modifications to DNA, RNA, and the associated proteins (known as histones).
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 13:20:43 EST
A safer treatment path for high-risk children to overcome food allergies
New research reveals a safe path to overcoming food allergies for older children and others who can't risk consuming allergens orally to build up their resistance. It's called sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), and it involves placing smaller amounts of food allergens under the tongue. A study has found SLIT to be as safe and effective for high-risk older children and adolescents as oral immunotherapy is for preschoolers.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 13:20:36 EST
Neurons help flush waste out of brain during sleep
Researchershave found that brain cell activity during sleep is responsible for propelling fluid into, through and out of the brain, cleaning it of debris.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:55:09 EST
In fight against brain pathogens, the eyes have it
The eyes have been called the window to the brain. It turns out they also serve as an immunological barrier that protects the organ from pathogens and even tumors, researchers have found. In a new study, researchers showed that vaccines injected into the eyes of mice can help disable the herpes virus, a major cause of brain encephalitis. To their surprise, the vaccine activates an immune response through lymphatic vessels along the optic nerve.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:55:04 EST
The 'switch' that keeps the immune system from attacking the body
Scientists uncover the mechanism by which cells mark the protein cGAS for degradation, which is critical in preventing the immune system from mistakenly attacking the body's own tissues.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:54:45 EST
Could we assess autism in children with a simple eye reflex test?
Scientists may have discovered a new way to test for autism by measuring how children's eyes move when they turn their heads.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:54:24 EST
Cannabis use linked to increase in heart attack and stroke risk
More frequent use of cannabis was associated with higher odds of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, finds new study.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:52 EST
Sedentary behavior increases mortality risk
According to new research, sitting for long hours without breaks increases risk of early death.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:52:58 EST
Double trouble at chromosome ends
New findings suggest the end-replication problem, an old standby of biology textbooks, is twice as intricate as once thought.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:52:50 EST
How 40Hz sensory gamma rhythm stimulation clears amyloid in Alzheimer's mice
Stimulating a key brain rhythm with light and sound increases peptide release from interneurons, driving clearance of Alzheimer's protein via the brain's glymphatic system, new study suggests.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:43:28 EST
Teens benefit from 'forest bathing' -- even in cities
Youth mental health in urban environments is significantly better when more nature is incorporated into city design. A new study suggests that forest bathing, the simple method of being calm and quiet amongst the trees, observing nature around you while breathing deeply, can help youth de-stress and boost health and well-being.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:55 EST
New disease testing component facilitates lower-cost diagnostics
Biomedical researchers have developed a new, less expensive way to detect nuclease digestion -- one of the critical steps in many nucleic acid sensing applications, such as those used to identify COVID-19 and other infectious diseases.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:52 EST
CBD shown to ease anxiety without the risks that can come with THC
A new study of 300 people with anxiety shows that the nonintoxicating compound, CBD, found in cannabis can quell anxiety better than THC-dominant products -- and without the side-effects.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:43 EST
Sniffing our way to better health
Imagine if we could inhale scents that delay the onset of cancer, inflammation, or neurodegenerative disease. Researchers are poised to bring this futuristic technology closer to reality.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:40 EST
Addressing societal concerns of genetic determinism of human behavior by linking environmental influences and genetic research
In a new perspective article, researchers underscore the importance of integrating environmental effects into genetic research. The authors discuss how failure to do so can perpetuate deterministic thinking in genetics, as historically observed in the justification of eugenics movements and, more recently, in cases of racially motivated violence.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:37 EST
New study links placental oxygen levels to fetal brain development
A new study shows oxygenation levels in the placenta, formed during the last three months of fetal development, are an important predictor of cortical growth (development of the outermost layer of the brain or cerebral cortex) and is likely a predictor of childhood cognition and behavior.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:32 EST
First DNA study of ancient Eastern Arabians reveals malaria adaptation
People living in ancient Eastern Arabia appear to have developed resistance to malaria following the appearance of agriculture in the region around five thousand years ago.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:08:23 EST
Researchers look at environmental impacts of AI tools
As artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly used in radiology, researchers caution that it's essential to consider the environmental impact of AI tools.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:08:21 EST
You may be breathing in more tiny nanoparticles from your gas stove than from car exhaust
Cooking on your gas stove can emit more nano-sized particles into the air than vehicles that run on gas or diesel, possibly increasing your risk of developing asthma or other respiratory illnesses, a new study has found.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:08:04 EST
Low-Temperature Plasma used to remove E. coli from hydroponically grown crops
In a new study, a team sterilized a hydroponic nutrient solution using low-temperature plasma generated from electricity and the oxygen in the atmosphere. This new sterilization technique may allow farmers to grow crops without the use of chemical pesticides, representing an important advance in agricultural technology for sustainable crop production.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:59 EST
Learning and memory problems in down syndrome linked to alterations in genome's 'dark matter'
The activity of Snhg11, a gene found in the 'dark matter' of the genome, is critical for the function and formation of neurons in the hippocampus, specifically in an area critical for learning and memory. Researchers have discovered the gene is less active in brains with three copies of chromosome 21, which causes Down syndrome, potentially contributing to the condition's intellectual disabilities. The researchers plan on carrying out further research to discover the exact mechanisms of action involved, information that could open potential avenues for new therapeutic interventions.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:56 EST
Pythagoras was wrong: there are no universal musical harmonies, new study finds
The tone and tuning of musical instruments has the power to manipulate our appreciation of harmony, new research shows. The findings challenge centuries of Western music theory and encourage greater experimentation with instruments from different cultures.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:46 EST
Maths: Smart learning software helps children during lockdowns -- and beyond
Intelligent tutoring systems for math problems helped pupils remain or even increase their performance during the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed data from five million exercises done by around 2,700 pupils in Germany over a period of five years. The study found that particularly lower-performing children benefit if they use the software regularly.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:40 EST
Living near pubs, bars and fast-food restaurants could be bad for heart health
Exposure to more ready-to-eat food outlets linked to a higher risk of heart failure, in a new study.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:33 EST
New discovery shows how cells defend themselves during stressful situations
A recent study has unveiled an exciting discovery about how our cells defend themselves during stressful situations. The research shows that a tiny modification in the genetic material, called ac4C, acts as a crucial defender, helping cells create protective storage units known as stress granules. These stress granules safeguard important genetic instructions when the cell is facing challenges. The new findings could help shed light on relevant molecular pathways that could be targeted in disease.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:28 EST
Visual prosthesis simulator offers a glimpse into the future
Researchers have developed a simulator that enables artificial visual observations for research into the visual prosthesis. This open source tool is available to researchers and offers those who are interested insight into the future application.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:17 EST
Scientists use blue-green algae as a surrogate mother for 'meat-like' proteins
Researchers have not only succeeded in using blue-green algae as a surrogate mother for a new protein -- they have even coaxed the microalgae to produce 'meat fiber-like' protein strands. The achievement may be the key to sustainable foods that have both the 'right' texture and require minimal processing.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:09 EST
Researchers use Hawk supercomputer and lean into imperfection to improve solar cell efficiency
Solar energy is one of the most promising, widely adopted renewable energy sources, but the solar cells that convert light into electricity remains a challenge. Scientists have turned to the High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart to understand how strategically designing imperfections in the system could lead to more efficient energy conversion.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:04 EST
Heart disease research challenges 'one size fits all' aspirin guidelines
Findings of a review of data from three clinical trials challenge current best practice for use of the drug for primary prevention of heart disease or stroke -- otherwise known as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The analysis of data from three international clinical trials points to a need for further evidence on best practice among adults already taking aspirin for cardiovascular disease prevention.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:04:19 EST
Long-term memory and lack of mental images
When people lack visual imagination, this is known as aphantasia. Researchers investigated how the lack of mental imagery affects long-term memory. They were able to show that changes in two important brain regions, the hippocampus and the occipital lobe, as well as their interaction, have an influence on the impaired recall of personal memories in aphantasia.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:01:25 EST
Gut-brain communication turned on its axis
The mechanisms by which antidepressants and other emotion-focused medications work could be reconsidered due to an important new breakthrough in the understanding of how the gut communicates with the brain. New research has uncovered major developments in understanding how the gut communicates with the brain, which could have a profound impact on the make-up and use of medications such as antidepressants.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:47:11 EST
Latest science shows endocrine disrupting chemicals in plastics, pesticides, and other sources pose health threats globally
A report from the world's leading scientific and medical experts on hormone-related health conditions raises new concerns about the profound threats to human health from endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) that are ubiquitous in our surroundings and everyday lives. Everyday exposures to EDCs in the environment may be linked to increasing rates of infertility, diabetes, immune deficiencies, and other serious conditions; Highly Hazardous Pesticides pose ongoing threats.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:47:02 EST
Human stem cells coaxed to mimic the very early central nervous system
The first stem cell culture method that produces a full model of the early stages of the human central nervous system has been developed by a team of engineers and biologists.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:50 EST
Long-term data reveals SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccine-induced antibody responses are long-lasting
A long-term analysis reveals that antibody responses induced by COVID-19 vaccines are long-lasting. The study results challenge the idea that mRNA-based vaccine immunity wanes quickly.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:33 EST
Temperature, humidity may drive future transmission of parasitic worm infections
Studies on climate and infectious disease typically focus on temperature's role on disease transmission. However, an international team found that both temperature and humidity contribute to future trends in the transmission of parasitic worm infections.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:28 EST
Black carbon sensor could fill massive monitoring gaps
Black carbon is up to 25 times more hazardous to human health than other airborne particles of a similar size. Standard sensors are expensive and burdensome, resulting in sparse coverage in regions infamous for poor air quality, such as the greater Salt Lake City area. A University of Utah-led study found that a portable, more affordable sensor recorded black carbon concentrations as accurately as the most widely used instrument for monitoring black carbon in real time. The portable sensor could help expand an accurate observation network to establish disease risk and create effective public health policies.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:23 EST
A moonshot for obesity: New molecules, inspired by space shuttles, advance lipid nanoparticle delivery for weight control
Inspired by the design of space shuttles, researchers have invented a new way to synthesize a key component of lipid nanoparticles (LNPs), the revolutionary delivery vehicle for mRNA treatments including the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines, simplifying the manufacture of LNPs while boosting their efficacy at delivering mRNA to cells for medicinal purposes.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:20 EST
A new, comprehensive roadmap for the future of biomedical engineering
Experts published a detailed position paper on the field of biomedical engineering which lays the foundation for a concerted worldwide effort to achieve technological and medical breakthroughs.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:17 EST
What math tells us about social dilemmas
Human coexistence depends on cooperation. Individuals have different motivations and reasons to collaborate, resulting in social dilemmas, such as the well-known prisoner's dilemma. Scientists now present a new mathematical principle that helps to understand the cooperation of individuals with different characteristics.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:09 EST
Live music emotionally moves us more than streamed music
How does listening to live music affect the emotional center of our brain? A study has found that live performances trigger a stronger emotional response than listening to music from a device. Concerts connect performers with their audience, which may also have to with evolutionary factors.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:45:57 EST
Intervention reduces likelihood of developing postpartum anxiety and depression by more than 70%
Results from a large clinical trial show that an intervention for anxiety provided to pregnant women living in Pakistan significantly reduced the likelihood of the women developing moderate-to-severe anxiety, depression, or both six weeks after birth.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:42:25 EST
'Hexaplex' vaccine aims to boost flu protection
A research team has developed a recombinant protein flu vaccine candidate. It utilizes a nanoliposome vaccine platform that underwent phase 2 and phase 3 clinical trials in South Korea and the Philippines as a COVID-19 vaccine candidate.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:54 EST
Yoga provides unique cognitive benefits to older women at risk of Alzheimer's disease
A new study found Kundalini yoga provided several benefits to cognition and memory for older women at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease including restoring neural pathways, preventing brain matter decline and reversing aging and inflammation-associated biomarkers -- improvements not seen in a group who received standard memory training exercises.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:45 EST
Can they hear you now? Kids increasingly exposed to noise health risks via earbuds and headphones
While it's not surprising to spot teens wearing headphones and earbuds, it's also becoming a widespread trend among younger children, a national poll suggests.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:42 EST
First-in-humans discovery reveals brain chemicals at work influencing social behavior
The idea that people make decisions based on social context is not a new one in neural economic games. But now, for the first time, researchers show the impact of the social context may spring from the dynamic interactions of dopamine and serotonin. Researchers built carbon-fiber electrodes that were implanted in patients receiving Deep Brain Stimulation surgery. The method allows researchers to measure more than one neurotransmitter at a time, revealing a dance that has never been seen before.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:27 EST
Poison center calls for 'magic mushrooms' spiked after decriminalization, study finds
Calls to U.S. poison centers involving psilocybin, or 'magic mushrooms,' among adolescents and young adults rose sharply after several U.S. cities and states began decriminalizing the hallucinogen, researchers have found.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:13 EST
Researchers overestimate their own honesty
The average researcher thinks they are better than their colleagues at following good research practice. They also think that their own research field is better than other research fields at following good research practice. The results point to a risk of becoming blind to one's own shortcomings.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:10 EST
Can hunger be eradicated by 2030?
World hunger is growing at an alarming rate, with prolonged conflicts, climate change, and COVID-19 exacerbating the problem. In 2022, the World Food Programme helped a record 158 million people. On this trajectory, the United Nations' goal to eradicate hunger by 2030 appears increasingly unattainable.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:02 EST
Obesity disrupts normal liver function in mice
Your liver plays a vital role in your metabolism, the biological process which converts food into energy. We know that being overweight can negatively affect metabolic activity, but not exactly how. To better understand this, researchers compared the livers of mice which were a typical weight with mice which were obese. They were surprised to find that biological regulation of metabolic activity, after a period of feasting and fasting, was reversed between them. In typical mice, allosteric regulation (the process which controls metabolism) was inhibited during feeding and activated when fasting. However, in obese mice, allosteric regulation increased during feeding and decreased when fasting.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:45:51 EST
Study of 1.2+M births reveals associations between excess heat exposure and preterm births
In the face of increasing temperatures globally, a new study of 1.2 million births over two decades has shown a strong association between the risk of pre-term birth and exposure to extreme hot temperatures in the third trimester of pregnancy. The data suggested that this association with extreme temperature might be reduced by the level of greenery in a pregnant person's residential surrounds. The findings suggest health services should consider preparing for an increase in preterm births as our climate warms.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:45:46 EST