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Economic burden of childhood verbal abuse by adults estimated at $300 billion globally

Childhood verbal abuse by adults costs society an estimated $300 billion a year globally, show recent findings.
Thu, 11 Apr 2024 13:03:22 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240411130322.htm

Food security in developed countries shows resilience to climate change

A study has found that market forces have provided good food price stability over the past half century, despite extreme weather conditions.
Thu, 11 Apr 2024 13:01:46 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240411130146.htm

Mixed diets balance nutrition and carbon footprint

What we eat can impact our health as well as the environment. Many studies have looked at the impacts of diets in very general terms focused at the level of food groups. A new study explores this issue following a more nuanced dish-level approach. One of the benefits of this kind of study is that people's connections with their diets vary around the world and have strong cultural associations. Knowledge of the impacts of diets using dishes rather than broad food groups can help individuals make informed choices and those in the food industry improve their practices.
Wed, 10 Apr 2024 16:14:50 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240410161450.htm

The evolving attitudes of Gen X toward evolution

As the centennial of the Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925 approaches, a new study illustrates that the attitudes of Americans in Generation X toward evolution shifted as they aged.
Wed, 10 Apr 2024 11:26:40 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240410112640.htm

Research examines tweets during Hurricane María to analyze social media use during disasters

Understanding how social media is used during a disaster can help with disaster preparedness and recovery for future events.
Tue, 09 Apr 2024 12:39:39 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240409123939.htm

Are lab-grown brain tissues ethical? There is no no-brainer answer

Researchers offer insights into the ethical dilemmas and legal complexities surrounding brain organoids, especially those derived from human fetal tissue. Their findings advocate for thorough regulatory frameworks to ensure that scientific and medical progress in this field is conducted responsibly and ethically, with strong regulations supported by sound ethical and legal principles.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 22:57:09 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408225709.htm

Atmospheric and economic drivers of global air pollution

Carbon monoxide emissions from industrial production have serious consequences for human health and are a strong indicator of overall air pollution levels. Many countries aim to reduce their emissions, but they cannot control air flows originating in other regions. A new study looks at global flows of air pollution and how they relate to economic activity in the global supply chain.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 18:38:21 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408183821.htm

How climate change will impact food production and financial institutions

Researchers have developed a new method to predict the financial impacts climate change will have on agriculture, which can help support food security and financial stability for countries increasingly prone to climate catastrophes.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 15:05:13 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408150513.htm

Low cardiorespiratory fitness in youth is associated with decreased work ability throughout adulthood

A study confirms the concerns raised in the public domain about how young people's decreased fitness may affect their future work ability. The association of low youth cardiorespiratory fitness and adulthood decreased work ability persisted until the end of working life, which predicts substantial societal costs.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 13:06:41 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408130641.htm

More premature babies born following Swedish parental leave policy

The introduction of a policy protecting parental leave benefits in Sweden in 1980 had unintended consequences on child health. The policy appears to have led to an increase in premature birth rates.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 13:06:22 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408130622.htm

Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants

Researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby's brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention -- and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.
Mon, 08 Apr 2024 13:06:04 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240408130604.htm

Researchers envision sci-fi worlds involving changes to atmospheric water cycle

Human activity is changing the way water flows between the Earth and atmosphere in complex ways and with likely long-lasting consequences that are hard to picture. Researchers enlisted water scientists from around the globe to write story-based scenarios about the possible futures humanity is facing but perhaps can't quite comprehend yet. The results are part of a creative pathway to understand atmospheric water research with an eye towards the potential economic and policy issues that may be just beyond the horizon.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 19:07:09 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404190709.htm

Adult fish struggle to bounce back in marine protected areas

Many marine protected areas are falling short of their most basic purpose: to rebuild struggling fish populations. In a new study, scientists looked at the age breakdown of reef fish in marine protected areas for the first time. They discovered in almost all of them, adult fish populations -- vital to spawning the next generation -- have either flatlined or declined.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:35:11 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113511.htm

Active workstations may improve cognitive performance

A recent study suggests that active workstations incorporating a walking pad, bike, stepper and/or standing desk are successful strategies for reducing sedentary time and improving mental cognition at work without reducing job performance. Extended sedentary behavior, whether at work or home, increases a person's risk of preventable chronic diseases.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:35:09 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113509.htm

With the planet facing a 'polycrisis', biodiversity researchers uncover major knowledge gaps

Connecting the study of infectious disease spread, biodiversity loss and climate change could offer win-win-win solutions for planetary health, but a new analysis has uncovered almost no research integrating the three global crises.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:35:04 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113504.htm

One-third of ride-share drivers have had a crash on the job, survey finds

Using a cell phone, driving while tired and driving on unfamiliar roads increased the likelihood of a crash.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:34:37 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113437.htm

Nudging in a virtual supermarket for more animal welfare

It may be possible to change the purchasing behavior of consumers noticeably using some simple strategies. At least this is what a new study indicates. The researchers investigated the effect of nudging on the sale of products produced with high animal welfare standards in a virtual supermarket. Nudges are gentle prods or pushes designed to promote certain behaviors -- such as placing some products in more visible positions.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:34:22 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113422.htm

New privacy-preserving robotic cameras obscure images beyond human recognition

In a bid to restore privacy, researchers have created a new approach to designing cameras that process and scramble visual information before it is digitized so that it becomes obscured to the point of anonymity.
Thu, 04 Apr 2024 11:33:14 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240404113314.htm

Climate change impacts terrorist activity

Changing weather patterns induced by climate change are contributing to shifts in the location of terrorist activity, according to new research.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 22:49:05 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403224905.htm

Research shows direct link between state income taxes and migration

A new study looks at 110 years of income tax history across the U.S. and notes out-migration by wealthy Americans.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 22:49:02 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403224902.htm

Life expectancy increased as world addressed major killers including diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, and stroke

Global life expectancy increased by 6.2 years since 1990, according to a new study. Over the past three decades, reductions in death from leading killers fueled this progress, including diarrhea and lower respiratory infections, as well as stroke and ischemic heart disease. When the COVID-19 pandemic arrived in 2020, however, it derailed progress in many locations.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 22:48:04 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403224804.htm

Exercise habits in youth create better health outcomes for some

Forming a long-term recreational exercise habit as a young person has a beneficial impact on physical and mental health later in life, but some groups, such as females and academic high-achievers, miss out on these benefits disproportionately.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 22:47:34 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403224734.htm

Out of the park: New research tallies total carbon impact of tourism at Yellowstone

New research makes a case study of Yellowstone National Park -- calculating surplus carbon that visitors from across the world add to the atmosphere each year as a direct result of a park visit.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 17:11:01 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403171101.htm

Experiencing extreme weather predicts support for policies to mitigate effects of climate change

Most Americans report having personally experienced the effects of extreme weather, according to new survey data. An analysis finds that a reported exposure to extreme weather is associated with support for a half-dozen pro-environmental government policies that are intended to mitigate the effects of climate change and are contained in the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 17:10:54 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403171054.htm

For mining in arid regions to be responsible, we must change how we think about water

In an unprecedented study of the South American 'Lithium Triangle,' hydrologists discover that not all water responds the same way to environmental change and human use.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 17:10:36 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403171036.htm

Talking politics with strangers isn't as awful as you'd expect, research suggests

Individuals underestimate the social connection they can make with a stranger who disagrees with them on contentious issues, a new research paper suggests.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 17:10:27 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403171027.htm

Working outside the typical 9-5 in younger adulthood may be linked with worse health decades later

The hours you work earlier in life may be associated with worse health years later, according to a new study.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 17:09:36 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403170936.htm

Exploring the effect of the presence of familiar people in interpersonal space

Researchers investigate the influence of social relationships on our bodily responses to the presence of other persons in the interpersonal space.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 13:06:09 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403130609.htm

Testing environmental water to monitor COVID-19 spread in unsheltered encampments

To better understand COVID-19's spread during the pandemic, public health officials expanded wastewater surveillance. These efforts track SARS-CoV-2 levels and health risks among most people, but they miss people who live without shelter, a population particularly vulnerable to severe infection. To fill this information gap, researchers tested flood-control waterways near unsheltered encampments, finding similar transmission patterns as in the broader community and identifying previously unseen viral mutations.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 13:05:37 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403130537.htm

Gunshots in American cities twice as likely at night, potentially disrupting sleep for those in earshot, study finds

Researchers studied six cities, finding that nighttime gunshots were particularly prevalent in low-income neighborhoods. The team found gunshots are twice as likely to occur at night, and that low-income communities are disproportionately affected by them.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 13:05:26 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403130526.htm

Are universities connected to local sustainability? A new study suggests yes...and no.

A new study finds that universities scoring strongly on measures of sustainability are associated with innovation and economic growth in their surrounding communities. However, the study did not find similar connections between university sustainability performance and environmental sustainability in their home communities.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 13:05:21 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403130521.htm

Research reveals pre-collapse monitoring of Kakhovka dam, Ukraine

New evidence from a spaceborne-monitoring team indicates that the Ukrainian Kakhovka Dam, which collapsed early into the Russian invasion, may have been vulnerable even before the war.
Wed, 03 Apr 2024 13:05:18 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240403130518.htm

Last chance to record archaic Greek language 'heading for extinction'

A new data crowdsourcing platform aims to preserve the sound of Romeyka, an endangered millennia-old variety of Greek. Experts consider the language to be a linguistic goldmine and a living bridge to the ancient world.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 19:26:01 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402192601.htm

Increasing positive affect in adolescence could lead to improved health and well-being in adulthood

Adolescents with high positive affect may have improved physical and mental health as adults, according to a new study.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 19:25:55 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402192555.htm

Scientists' urgent call: End destruction and forge a just, sustainable future

An international team of scientists published a study emphasizing the urgent need to align political will, economic resources, and societal values to ensure a more sustainable and equitable world. The review summarizes the grave threats facing the planet but rejects a 'doom and gloom' philosophy. They advocate a global cultural shift that elevates kinship with nature and communal well-being, underpinned by the recognition of Earth's finite resources and the interconnectedness of its inhabitants.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 19:25:50 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402192550.htm

Companies ignoring climate risks get punished by markets, new study reveals

Companies that proactively manage climate risks boost their valuations, while those with a passive stance are discounted in the equity market, according to new research.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 14:04:00 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402140400.htm

AI writing, illustration emits hundreds of times less carbon than humans, study finds

A group of scholars calculated the amount of energy used by AI tools for the tasks of writing and illustrating and compared it to the average amount of energy humans use for the same processes. Their results showed artificial intelligence results in hundreds of times less carbon emissions than humans. This does not mean, however, that AI can or should replace humans in those tasks, simply that its energy usage is less. The better approach is a partnership between humans and AI, the authors write.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 14:03:54 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402140354.htm

Early detection of language disorders helps children obtain right interventions

New screening tools in child health care are effective in identifying early language and communication difficulties in children. This is shown by two studies based on more than 6,000 children.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 14:03:10 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402140310.htm

Gloom and doom warnings about climate change do not work

How do you spread a message about climate change? According to an international study involving 59,000 participants, some tactics may actually reduce support.
Tue, 02 Apr 2024 13:59:24 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240402135924.htm

Reducing late-night alcohol sales curbed all violent crimes by 23% annually in a Baltimore neighborhood

New study findings suggest that shortening overnight operations by seven hours at bars and taverns in a Baltimore, Md. neighborhood resulted in a 51 percent immediate drop in homicides within the first month, followed by a 23 percent decline in all violent crimes annually in the surrounding area, compared to similar neighborhoods with no change in hours of sale. Homicide rates decreased by 40 percent in each subsequent year.
Mon, 01 Apr 2024 19:04:30 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240401190430.htm

Research reveals language barriers limit effectiveness of cybersecurity resources

Non-English speaking internet users share the same concern about cyber threats and the same desire for online safety as any other individual. However, they are constrained by a lack of culturally and linguistically appropriate resources, which also hampers accurate collection of cyber victimization data among vulnerable populations.
Mon, 01 Apr 2024 14:24:43 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/04/240401142443.htm

Is it the school, or the students?

School quality ratings significantly reflect the preparation of a school's students, not just the school's contribution to learning gains, according to new research.
Thu, 28 Mar 2024 16:26:39 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240328162639.htm

Making the future too bright: How wishful thinking can point us in the wrong direction

Everyone indulges in wishful thinking now and again. But when is that most likely to happen and when could it actually be harmful? A new study demonstrates unequivocally that the greater the insecurity and anxiety of a situation, the more likely people are to become overly optimistic -- even to the point where it can prevent us from taking essential action.
Thu, 28 Mar 2024 16:26:36 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240328162636.htm

Mechanism found to determine which memories last

Neuroscientists have established in recent decades the idea that some of each day's experiences are converted by the brain into permanent memories during sleep the same night. Now, a new study proposes a mechanism that determines which memories are tagged as important enough to linger in the brain until sleep makes them permanent.
Thu, 28 Mar 2024 16:26:13 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240328162613.htm

Blueprint for mandating indoor air quality for public buildings in form of standards

A group of international experts has presented a blueprint for national indoor quality standards for public buildings. The experts addressed setting standards for three key indoor pollutants -- carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and PM2.5 (particles so small they can lodge deep in the lungs and enter the bloodstream) -- and ventilation rate.
Thu, 28 Mar 2024 16:26:10 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240328162610.htm

Suppressing boredom at work hurts future productivity, study shows

New research shows that trying to stifle boredom at work prolongs its effects and that alternating boring and meaningful tasks helps to prevent the effects of one boring task from spilling over to reduce productivity on others.
Thu, 28 Mar 2024 11:10:56 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240328111056.htm

Climate change policies lose popularity when combined with pausing regulations or social justice

Legislators love bundling things together. It lets them accomplish more with less hassle and attempt to make legislation more appealing to a broader group. But a new study suggests that this can sometimes backfire. The authors found that pairing climate policies with other policies does not necessarily increase their popular appeal, and can actually reduce public support.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 15:49:50 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327154950.htm

North American cities may see a major species turnover by the end of the century

Climate change may dramatically affect the animal species observed in North American cities, according to a new study.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 15:49:36 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327154936.htm

Scientists warn: The grey seal hunt is too large

Researchers warn that today's hunting quotas of about 3,000 animals pose a risk to the long-term survival of the grey seal in the Baltic Sea. The conclusions of this new study are based on statistics from 20th century seal hunting and predictions of future climate change.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 12:47:28 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327124728.htm

Heat, cold extremes hold untapped potential for solar and wind energy

Conditions that usually accompany the kind of intense hot and cold weather that strains power grids may also provide greater opportunities to capture solar and wind energy. A study found that widespread, extreme temperature events are often accompanied by greater solar radiation and higher wind speeds that could be captured by solar panels and wind turbines. The research, which looked at extensive heat and cold waves across the six interconnected energy grid regions of the U.S. from 1980-2021, also found that every region experienced power outages during these events in the past decade. The findings suggest that using more renewable energy at these times could help offset increased power demand as more people and businesses turn on heaters or air conditioners.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 12:46:58 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327124658.htm

More than one billion people around the globe are facing obesity

The prevalence of malnutrition across the globe was shared by the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, a network of health scientists from around the world who provide and evaluate data on major risk factors for all countries, in collaboration with the World Health Organization. The network participants reviewed body mass index data from more than 3,600 studies from 1990 to 2022, determining the rates of malnutrition, either from obesity or underweight, for all countries, and the degree to which the data has changed through the years.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 12:46:13 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327124613.htm

What if the heavy rain would have fallen 50 kilometers away?

Floods affect more people worldwide than any other natural hazard, causing enormous damage that is expected to increase in a warming world. However, people and decision-makers in vulnerable regions are often unwilling to prepare for exceptionally severe events because they are difficult to imagine and beyond their experience.
Wed, 27 Mar 2024 12:46:06 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240327124606.htm

Curbside collection improves organic waste composting, reduces methane emissions

Most organic household waste ends up in landfills where it generates methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. Composting food and garden waste instead of sending it to landfills can significantly reduce methane emissions and help mitigate global warming. A new study explores the effects of curbside compost collection programs.
Tue, 26 Mar 2024 17:01:04 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240326170104.htm

Job flexibility and security promotes better mental health among employees

A new study found that employed adults with greater job flexibility and higher job security were less likely to experience serious psychological distress or anxiety. Greater job flexibility and higher job security were also associated with fewer days on average worked while feeling ill.
Tue, 26 Mar 2024 17:01:01 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240326170101.htm

Optimizing electronic health records: Study reveals improvements in departmental productivity

Researchers identify transformative effects of electronic health record (EHR) optimization on departmental productivity.
Tue, 26 Mar 2024 17:00:53 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240326170053.htm

Using 'time travel' to think about technology from the perspective of future generations

Researchers have conducted a series of participatory deliberation workshops in which the participants were asked to consider issues of future society and manufacturing, in general, and as they relate to hydrothermally produced porous glass. In workshops where the perspective of 'imaginary future generations' was adopted, participants' perceptions of the technology's feasibility and future potentiality changed significantly.
Tue, 26 Mar 2024 12:26:11 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240326122611.htm

New roadmap to prevent pandemics centers on protecting biodiversity

An international team of 25 scientists has proposed a roadmap for how to prevent the next pandemic by conserving natural areas and promoting biodiversity, thereby providing animals with enough food, safe havens and distance to limit contact and the transfer of pathogens to humans.
Tue, 26 Mar 2024 10:38:55 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240326103855.htm

Crackdown on illicit drugs detects rise in 'designer' drug substitutes

As authorities crack down on illicit drugs, experts have issued an alert on the use of the synthetic stimulant pentylone, as new research finds a 75% increase in detections across Australia.
Mon, 25 Mar 2024 22:02:24 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240325220224.htm

Research identifies characteristics of cities that would support young people's mental health

As cities around the world continue to draw young people for work, education, and social opportunities, a new study identifies characteristics that would support young urban dwellers' mental health. The findings, based on survey responses from a global panel that included adolescents and young adults, provide a set of priorities that city planners can adopt to build urban environments that are safe, equitable, and inclusive.
Mon, 25 Mar 2024 17:24:28 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240325172428.htm

Pairing crypto mining with green hydrogen offers clean energy boost

Pairing cryptocurrency mining -- notable for its outsize consumption of carbon-based fuel -- with green hydrogen could provide the foundation for wider deployment of renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, according to a new study.
Mon, 25 Mar 2024 17:24:14 EDT
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2024/03/240325172414.htm


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