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Synthetic data holds the key to determining best statewide transit investments

Synthetically generated population data can reveal the equity impacts of distributing transportation resources and funding across diverse regions, according to new research.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:18:34 EDT

Low-sodium alternatives can lead to major health gains in Indonesia

Excess sodium intake and a lack of potassium are major contributing factors towards high blood pressure in Indonesia, prompting calls for low-sodium potassium-rich salt substitutes (LSSS) to be readily available to improve health and curb health costs.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:26 EDT

AI can help doctors make better decisions and save lives

A recent study found that hospitalized patients were 43 percent more likely to have their care escalated and significantly less likely to die if their care team received AI-generated alerts signaling adverse changes in their health.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:23 EDT

Does exercise in greenspace boost the individual health benefits of each?

Research suggests exercising in a park or other natural setting is more beneficial than exercising indoors.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:20 EDT

A conservation market could incentivize global ocean protection

Thirty-by-thirty: protect 30% of the planet by 2030. While conservation is popular in principle, the costs of actually enacting it often stall even the most earnest efforts. Researchers have now proposed a market-based approach to achieving the 30x30 targets in the ocean.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:12:01 EDT

Only one in 20 therapies tested in animals reach approval for human use

An analysis of reviews of translational biomedical research reveals that just 5% of therapies tested in animals reach regulatory approval for human use. The umbrella review summarizes other systematic reviews and provides high level evidence that while the rate of translation to human studies is 50%, there is steep drop off before final approval.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:41 EDT

The yuck factor counteracts sustainable laundry habits

Most people today would lean towards environmentally friendly life choices, but not at the expense of being clean. When it comes to our washing habits, the fear of being perceived as dirty often wins out over the desire to act in an environmentally friendly way. And the more inclined we are to feel disgusted, the more we wash our clothes. This is shown by a unique study that examines the driving forces behind our laundering behaviours and provides new tools for how people's environmental impact can be reduced.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:33 EDT

Parliamentary members use simpler language on hot days

Climate change has many widespread and complicated effects on the well-being of people and the planet, and a new study has now added a surprising one to the list. After analyzing the language used in seven million parliamentary speeches around the world, it shows that high temperatures lead to a significant and immediate reduction in politicians' language complexity.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:46 EDT

Outdoor recreation noise affects wildlife behavior and habitat use, study finds

We may go to the woods seeking peace and quiet, but are we taking our noise with us? A recent study indicates that the answer is yes -- and that this noise can trigger a fear response, as if escaping from predators. This new science calls into question whether otherwise high-quality habitat truly provides refugia for wildlife when recreationists are present and underscores the challenges land managers face in balancing outdoor recreational opportunities with wildlife conservation.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:38 EDT

Public more confident connecting increasing heat, wildfires with climate change than other extreme weather events, study finds

Researchers found that U.S. adults are fairly confident in linking wildfires and heat to climate change, but less confident when it comes to other extreme weather events like hurricanes, flooding or tornadoes.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:21 EDT

6,000 years ago, men and women had equal access to resources

Using isotope geochemistry, scientists have uncovered new information about the Barmaz necropolis in Valais (Switzerland): 14% of the people buried 6,000 years ago at this site were not locals. What's more, the study suggests that this Middle Neolithic agropastoral society -- one of the oldest known in the western part of Switzerland -- was relatively egalitarian. The isotope ratios of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur contained in the bones reveal that all members of the community, including people from elsewhere, had access to the same food resources.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:07:56 EDT

Younger workers feel stressed, lonely and undervalued

Younger workers are struggling with feelings of loneliness and a lack of appreciation at work and tend to feel more comfortable working with people their own age, according to a recent survey.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 00:14:02 EDT

Incorporating 'touch' into social media interactions can increase feelings of support and approval

Including 'tactile emoticons' into social media communications can enhance communication, according to a new study.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:29 EDT

Cocaine trafficking threatens critical bird habitats

In addition to its human consequences, cocaine trafficking harms the environment and threatens habitats important to dozens of species of migratory birds, according to a new study.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:26 EDT

Humans are the elephant in the room where conservation is debated

Studies working to map conservation historically have left humans out of the equation. This study proposes ways to build in the outsized footprint created by people in wild places.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:24 EDT

Ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá

Rising to power in the wake of the Classic Maya collapse, Chichen Itz was among the largest and most influential cities of the ancient Maya, but much about its political connections and ritual life remain poorly understood. Close kin relationships, including two pairs of identical twins, suggests a connection to the Maya origin myths of the Popol Vuh.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:32:49 EDT

Hybrid work is a 'win-win-win' for companies, workers

In the largest study yet of working-from-home professionals, economists reveal that employees who work from home two days a week are just as productive, likely to get promoted, and far less prone to quit.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:32:35 EDT

Significant increase in nitrous-oxide emissions from human activities, jeopardizing climate goals

Emissions of nitrous-oxide (N2O) -- a potent greenhouse gas -- have continued to rise unabated over the past four decades, according to an international team of scientists.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 19:47:11 EDT

Female AI 'teammate' generates more participation from women

An artificial intelligence-powered virtual teammate with a female voice boosts participation and productivity among women on teams dominated by men, according to new research.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:15:11 EDT

Virtual reality as a reliable shooting performance-tracking tool

Virtual reality technology can do more than teach weaponry skills in law enforcement and military personnel, a new study suggests: It can accurately record shooting performance and reliably track individuals' progress over time.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:14:31 EDT

We spend more with cashless payments

A study has found that when using cashless methods of payment, individuals tend to spend more when purchasing.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:03:32 EDT

Major milestone in cutting harmful gases that deplete ozone layer and worsen global warming

A new study has revealed significant progress in the drive to reduce levels in the atmosphere of chemicals that destroy Earth's ozone layer, confirming the success of historic regulations limiting their production.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:03:06 EDT

Unregulated sales of a toxic and hallucinogenic mushroom endanger public health

Americans' interest in a potentially harmful 'magic mushroom' is soaring, according to a new study. The scientists suggest that the growing market for Amanita muscaria may be sparked in part by emerging clinical research supporting the safety and efficacy of psilocybin as a treatment for depression.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 17:10:01 EDT

Case studies show how quasi-governmental organizations could strengthen climate adaptation governance

The politicization of climate issues and the unsynchronized efforts of stakeholders are hindering the effectiveness of climate adaptation governance in the U.S. According to a new study the design characteristics of quasi-governmental organizations (QGOs) could provide insights on how to depoliticize climate information sources and foster multi-level stakeholder coordination.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 17:09:59 EDT

Researchers use 3D visualization to predict, prevent hurricane damage

The researchers say 3D visualization of hurricanes and storm surges allows them to understand how flooding will impact coastal communities by allowing them to vividly see how each building and road might be impacted by a given flood.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 14:03:30 EDT

Upstream and downstream: River study highlights cross-country inequities

New research highlights inequities between downstream and upstream countries that share the same watershed. The study outlines how international agreements can better address shared resource problems and call for greater collaboration and coordination between these international neighbors.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 14:03:27 EDT

Peers crucial in shaping boys' confidence in math skills

Boys are good at math, girls not so much? A study has analyzed the social mechanisms that contribute to the gender gap in math confidence. While peer comparisons seem to play a crucial role for boys, girls' subjective evaluations are more likely to be based on objective performance.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 14:03:04 EDT

Interventions against misinformation also increase skepticism toward reliable sources

Efforts to tackle false information through fact-checking or media literacy initiatives increases the public's skepticism toward 'fake news'. However, they also breed distrust in genuine, fact-based news sources, a new study using online survey experiments in the US, Poland and Hong Kong shows.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 14:02:46 EDT

Benefits of failure are overrated

The platitude that failure leads to success may be both inaccurate and damaging to society, according to new research.
Mon, 10 Jun 2024 14:02:18 EDT

Online professional education works for complex topics

Online education is effective for teaching complicated topics like quantum information science (QIS) to high school science educators, according to a new article.
Fri, 07 Jun 2024 15:17:17 EDT

Basic income can double global GDP while reducing carbon emissions

Giving a regular cash payment to the entire world population has the potential to increase global gross domestic product (GDP) by 130%, according to a new analysis. Researchers suggest that charging carbon emitters with an emission tax could help fund such basic income program while reducing environmental degradation.
Fri, 07 Jun 2024 12:15:31 EDT

Secure access to food and water decreasing for US children

The number of children in the U.S. facing simultaneous water and food insecurity more than doubled between 2005 and 2020. Additionally, Black children were 3.5 times more likely than white children to simultaneously experience food and water insecurity, while Hispanic children were 7.1 times more likely than white children, according to a new study.
Fri, 07 Jun 2024 12:14:29 EDT

How $4 billion funded the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic response

New research sheds light on how federal funding helped scientists understand the COVID-19 virus, develop new treatments and deploy lifesaving vaccines in record time.
Fri, 07 Jun 2024 12:14:21 EDT

Climate crisis puts Australia's ski industry on slippery slope, but not all hope is lost

Australia's ski industry is at risk of major disruptions and shorter seasons if the current level of climate pollution continues, according to new modelling. The report found the average ski season across all resorts in Australia will be 44 days shorter by 2050 under a mid-greenhouse gas emissions scenario and 55 days shorter under a high-emissions scenario.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:24:05 EDT

Climate policy: competing crises

Current crises are distracting from the climate crisis and weakening support for climate action, a Europe-wide survey reveals.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:22:39 EDT

Younger children in school year are more commonly diagnosed with ADHD than their older classmates, says new study

New research has found that teachers may be attributing signs of age-related immaturity in children, to conditions such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The results of the study showed that the youngest students in a class, with birth dates just before the school entry cut-off date, were overrepresented among children receiving an ADHD diagnosis or medication for the condition. Experts looked at how being one of the youngest children in a class can influence the likelihood of being diagnosed with ADHD or ASD. ADHD is a condition where individuals have significant challenges with attention and can be overly active. ASD is a complex developmental condition that relates to how a person communicates and interacts.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:22:31 EDT

The unexpected origins of a modern finance tool

Surprisingly, the origins of financial discounting began with 17th-century English clergymen.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:22:07 EDT

Study offers a better way to make AI fairer for everyone

Scientists show a new way of thinking about the fair impacts of AI decisions. They draw on a well-established tradition known as social welfare optimization, which aims to make decisions fairer by focusing on the overall benefits and harms to individuals. This method can be used to evaluate the industry standard assessment tools for AI fairness, which look at approval rates across protected groups.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:22:02 EDT

The Protestant Work Ethic could explain a liking for 'natural' healthcare

A strong belief in the Protestant Work Ethic might underpin the decision-making of many people choosing 'natural' approaches to healthcare, new research suggests. Academics say their paper identifies the role of psychological factors in health choices ranging from a preference for vaginal birth -- over caesarean sections -- to 'natural' cold and flu remedies. In the latter case, the preference holds even if the chemical composition of natural remedies may be identical to compounds synthesised in the laboratory.
Thu, 06 Jun 2024 15:09:22 EDT

US public opinion on social media is warming to nuclear energy, but concerns remain

The U.S. public displays more positive than negative sentiment toward nuclear energy but concerns remain about waste, cost and safety, according to an analysis of 300,000 posts on social media.
Wed, 05 Jun 2024 16:27:11 EDT

Training cognitive control in children does not change brain or behavior

Training exercises designed to improve cognitive control in children do not make a significant difference to their ability to delay gratification or to their academic achievement, nor do they lead to any brain changes.
Wed, 05 Jun 2024 16:25:08 EDT

Top IT industry managers are divided on the need for face-to-face communication in the workplace

Many managers are currently seeking a balance between digital and face-to-face communication. A recent study shows that top IT industry managers have different views on when and for what purposes face-to-face communication in the workplace is needed.
Wed, 05 Jun 2024 16:25:04 EDT

Climate change will make ozone pollution worse: Here's how

A new study finds climate change is likely to make upward spikes of ozone at ground level worse by 2050, which could result in many parts of the United States falling out of compliance with air quality standards and increasing risks to public health.
Wed, 05 Jun 2024 16:24:46 EDT

A novel approach to tracking conservation reveals more areas may be conserved than currently accounted for

An international team of conservation researchers and practitioners has developed an inclusive inventory approach for tracking global conservation areas, with an emphasis on local data and expertise. Applying this approach across the nine countries spanning the Amazon Rainforest identified a wide array of conservation areas with greater diversity and area coverage than existing tracking systems showed.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 21:39:31 EDT

Rate of global warming caused by humans at an all-time high, say scientists

Global warming caused by humans is advancing at 0.26 C per decade -- the highest rate since records began, according to new research by over 50 leading international scientists.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 21:39:28 EDT

Managing mental health should be about more than mind

Clinicians often default to treating mental health conditions with a variety of medication. This approach, however, largely ignores the role of environment, lifestyle, and social factors. Mental Health professionals must work toward a more holistic management picture, researchers argue in a new article.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 18:42:22 EDT

Study reveals high rate of drowsy driving by teens

A new study found that drowsy driving by teenagers is a common threat to public safety on U.S. roadways.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:22:13 EDT

Study shows how justice facility dogs benefit wellbeing for children facing court

A new study has revealed that having a four-legged friend at Children's Court significantly reduces stress and anxiety for young victims, witnesses, and their caregivers.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:21:57 EDT

Some countries could meet their total electricity needs from floating solar panels

Floating solar photovoltaic panels could supply all the electricity needs of some countries, new research has shown. The researchers calculated the daily electrical output for floating photovoltaics (FPV) on nearly 68,000 lakes and reservoirs around the world, using available climate data for each location.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:21:07 EDT

Population shifts, risk factors may triple U.S. cardiovascular disease costs by 2050

Driven by an older, more diverse population, along with a significant increase in risk factors including high blood pressure and obesity, total costs related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) conditions are likely to triple by 2050, according to recent projections. At least 6 in 10 U.S. adults (61%), more than 184 million people, are expected to have some type of CVD within the next 30 years, reflecting a disease prevalence that will have a $1.8 trillion price tag in direct and indirect costs.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:21:05 EDT

How stress knocks out your cognitive reserve

While mentally stimulating activities and life experiences can improve cognition in memory clinic patients, stress undermines this beneficial relationship.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:20:46 EDT

Innovative demand strategies for clean energy

A perspective piece describes innovative strategies that significantly reduce both resource consumption and fossil fuel emissions.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:20:20 EDT

Medical school isn't teaching doctors much about nutrition

Current medical training focuses on weight and body mass index (BMI), exacerbating anti-obesity bias and increasing the risk of eating disorders, the authors said. And it doesn't give future doctors adequate education on how to encourage healthier eating habits.
Tue, 04 Jun 2024 13:20:11 EDT

Sunshine spurs spending: Investors bet big on sunny days

New research has found a connection between pleasant weather conditions and higher investment in lottery-like stocks.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 19:58:00 EDT

Centering relationships between people and place: A critical step towards improving science's contributions to society

Marine conservation scientists advocate for a cultural shift in academia that fosters deeper connections with places of study and encourages collaboration with local communities to make science more relevant, equitable and meaningful.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 17:22:43 EDT

Researchers call for strengthening sustainability regulations in laws governing space exploration

Researchers call for strengthening existing planetary protection policies beyond the space surrounding Earth to include requirements for preserving the Lunar and Martian environments.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 17:22:27 EDT

Traffic speeds decrease when bike lane is present

Researchers conducting a study at a high-traffic intersection in a Jersey Shore town have found that the installation of a bike lane along the road approaching the convergence reduced driving speeds.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 17:22:10 EDT

Aiding the displaced with data

In times of crisis, effective humanitarian aid depends largely on the fast and efficient allocation of resources and personnel. Accurate data about the locations and movements of affected people in these situations is essential for this. Researchers have now produced a framework to analyze and visualize population mobility data, which could help in such cases.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 11:44:12 EDT

Urgent need for action now for increasing threat from invasive alien species

Urgent action now is needed to tackle the major and growing global issue of invasive alien species, says a team of 88 experts from 47 countries. The paper follows the (IPBES) thematic assessment report on invasive alien species and their control. The experts say co-developing management actions with multiple stakeholders including government and private sector stakeholders, and Indigenous Peoples and local communities will be critical to achieving success in addressing biological invasions.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 11:43:32 EDT

Telehealth can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with cancer care

Telemedicine visits for cancer care may not only be more convenient and easier to schedule than in-person appointments, they're also better for the planet. On a national US basis, decentralizing clinical portions of cancer care would produce 33% less greenhouse gas emissions than traditional in-person care.
Mon, 03 Jun 2024 11:42:53 EDT

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