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Researchers create coating solution for safer food storage

Galvanized steel containers and surfaces are used for harvested produce because of their durability, strength and lower cost compared to stainless steel. However, bacteria residing in storage containers can cause corrosion. The new coating will reduce corrosion by at least 70 percent, researchers say.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 16:01:23 EST

AI outperforms humans in standardized tests of creative potential

In a recent study, 151 human participants were pitted against ChatGPT-4 in three tests designed to measure divergent thinking, which is considered to be an indicator of creative thought.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:47:58 EST

New insights on how galaxies are formed

Astronomers can use supercomputers to simulate the formation of galaxies from the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago to the present day. But there are a number of sources of error. An international research team has spent a hundred million computer hours over eight years trying to correct these.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:47:00 EST

Ultraviolet radiation from massive stars shapes planetary systems

Up to a certain point, very luminous stars can have a positive effect on the formation of planets, but from that point on the radiation they emit can cause the material in protoplanetary discs to disperse.
Fri, 01 Mar 2024 13:46:10 EST

Ice shell thickness reveals water temperature on ocean worlds

Astrobiologists have devised a novel way to determine ocean temperatures of distant worlds based on the thickness of their ice shells, effectively conducting oceanography from space.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 18:29:29 EST

Astronomers measure heaviest black hole pair ever found

Using archival data from the Gemini North telescope, a team of astronomers has measured the heaviest pair of supermassive black holes ever found. The merging of two supermassive black holes is a phenomenon that has long been predicted, though never observed. This massive pair gives clues as to why such an event seems so unlikely in the Universe.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 18:28:30 EST

Building bionic jellyfish for ocean exploration

Researchers show how biohybrid robots based on jellyfish could be used to gather climate science data from deep in the Earth's oceans.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:46:47 EST

Could fiber optic cable help scientists probe the deep layers of the moon?

An increasing number of seismologists are using fiber optic cables to detect seismic waves on Earth -- but how would this technology fare on the Moon, and what would it tell us about the deep layers of our nearest neighbor in space?
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:46:41 EST

Astronomers reveal a new link between water and planet formation

Researchers have found water vapor in the disc around a young star exactly where planets may be forming. Water is a key ingredient for life on Earth, and is also thought to play a significant role in planet formation. Yet, until now, we had never been able to map how water is distributed in a stable, cool disc -- the type of disc that offers the most favorable conditions for planets to form around stars.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:46:20 EST

Astronomers discover heavy elements after bright gamma-ray burst from neutron star merger

An international team of astronomers obtained observational evidence for the creation of rare heavy elements in the aftermath of a cataclysmic explosion triggered by the merger of two neutron stars.
Thu, 29 Feb 2024 12:45:34 EST

EU countries have seen a decade of progress towards their 2030 sustainable energy goal

Countries in the European Union (EU) have made progress over the past decade toward Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7), which calls for 'access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all' by 2030, according to a new study.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 15:47:03 EST

How molecular 'handedness' emerged in early biology

Chemists fill a major gap in origin-of-life theories.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:54:59 EST

The West is best to spot UFOs

Researchers identified environmental factors that explain why reports of Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena (UAP) are more common in certain regions of the country. Most sightings occur in the American West where proximity to public lands, dark skies and military installations afford more opportunities to see strange objects in the air. Understanding the environmental context of these sightings will make it easier to find explanations for their occurrence and help identify truly anomalous objects that may be a legitimate threat.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:54:20 EST

Biomolecules from formaldehyde on ancient Mars

Organic materials discovered on Mars may have originated from atmospheric formaldehyde, according to new research, marking a step forward in our understanding of the possibility of past life on the Red Planet.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:59 EST

Researchers develop novel method to photosynthesize hydrogen peroxide using water and air

Researchers have developed a microporous covalent organic framework with dense donor-acceptor lattices and engineered linkages for the efficient and clean production of hydrogen peroxide through the photosynthesis process with water and air.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:57 EST

Light stimulates a new twist for synthetic chemistry

Molecules that are induced by light to rotate bulky groups around central bonds could be developed into photo-activated bioactive systems, molecular switches, and more.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:50 EST

Want fewer microplastics in your tap water? Try boiling it first

Nano- and microplastics are seemingly everywhere -- water, soil and the air. While many creative strategies have been attempted to get rid of these plastic bits, one unexpectedly effective solution for cleaning up drinking water, specifically, might be as simple as brewing a cup of tea or coffee. Boiling and filtering calcium-containing tap water could help remove nearly 90% of the nano- and microplastics present.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:26 EST

First metamaterial developed to enable real-time shape and property control

Engineers have unveiled an encodable multifunctional material that can dynamically tune its shape and mechanical properties in real time.
Wed, 28 Feb 2024 11:53:14 EST

New disease testing component facilitates lower-cost diagnostics

Biomedical researchers have developed a new, less expensive way to detect nuclease digestion -- one of the critical steps in many nucleic acid sensing applications, such as those used to identify COVID-19 and other infectious diseases.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 17:21:52 EST

Researchers look at environmental impacts of AI tools

As artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly used in radiology, researchers caution that it's essential to consider the environmental impact of AI tools.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:08:21 EST

You may be breathing in more tiny nanoparticles from your gas stove than from car exhaust

Cooking on your gas stove can emit more nano-sized particles into the air than vehicles that run on gas or diesel, possibly increasing your risk of developing asthma or other respiratory illnesses, a new study has found.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:08:04 EST

Diamonds are a chip's best friend

New technologies aim to produce high-purity synthetic crystals that become excellent semiconductors when doped with impurities as electron donors or acceptors of other elements. Researchers have now determined the magnitude of the spin-orbit interaction in acceptor-bound excitons in a semiconductor. They broke through the energy resolution limit of conventional luminescence measurements by directly observing the fine structure of bound excitons in boron-doped blue diamond, using optical absorption.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:51 EST

Pythagoras was wrong: there are no universal musical harmonies, new study finds

The tone and tuning of musical instruments has the power to manipulate our appreciation of harmony, new research shows. The findings challenge centuries of Western music theory and encourage greater experimentation with instruments from different cultures.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:46 EST

Maths: Smart learning software helps children during lockdowns -- and beyond

Intelligent tutoring systems for math problems helped pupils remain or even increase their performance during the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed data from five million exercises done by around 2,700 pupils in Germany over a period of five years. The study found that particularly lower-performing children benefit if they use the software regularly.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:40 EST

Merons realized in synthetic antiferromagnets

Researchers have demonstrated the presence of merons in synthetic antiferromagnets and thus in materials that can be produced using standard deposition techniques.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:35 EST

Trapping and excitation of the simplest molecule

The simplest possible molecule H2+ was one of the very first molecules to form in the cosmos. This makes it significant for astrophysics, but also an important object of research for fundamental physics. It is difficult to study in experiments. However, a team of physicists has now succeeded in measuring the vibrations of the molecule with a laser.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:23 EST

Visual prosthesis simulator offers a glimpse into the future

Researchers have developed a simulator that enables artificial visual observations for research into the visual prosthesis. This open source tool is available to researchers and offers those who are interested insight into the future application.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:07:17 EST

Imaging grain boundaries that impede lithium-ion migration in solid-state batteries

A research team has developed a new technique to image grain boundaries obstructing lithium-ion migration in solid-state batteries -- a promising type of next-generation battery.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:06:59 EST

AI-driven lab speeds catalysis research

Researchers have developed a 'self-driving' lab that uses artificial intelligence (AI) and automated systems to provide in-depth analyses of catalytic reactions used in chemical research and manufacturing. The new tool, called Fast-Cat, can provide more information in five days than is possible in six months of conventional testing.
Tue, 27 Feb 2024 13:02:30 EST

Cutting-edge 'protein lawnmower' created

Scientists have designed the first synthetic protein-based motor which harnesses biological reactions to fuel and propel itself. 'Imagine if a Roomba could be powered only by the dirt it picks up,' says one of the authors of the study. The motor uses the digestive enzyme trypsin to cut the peptides and convert them into the energy it needs to propel itself.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:39 EST

Resurrecting niobium for quantum science

Niobium has long been considered an underperformer in superconducting qubits. Scientists have now engineered a high-quality niobium-based qubit, taking advantage of niobium's superior qualities.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:36 EST

Laser-focused look at spinning electrons shatters world record for precision

Nuclear physicists have shattered a nearly 30-year-old record for precision in electron beam polarimetry. The groundbreaking result sets the stage for high-profile experiments that could open the door to new physics discoveries.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:25 EST

Black carbon sensor could fill massive monitoring gaps

Black carbon is up to 25 times more hazardous to human health than other airborne particles of a similar size. Standard sensors are expensive and burdensome, resulting in sparse coverage in regions infamous for poor air quality, such as the greater Salt Lake City area. A University of Utah-led study found that a portable, more affordable sensor recorded black carbon concentrations as accurately as the most widely used instrument for monitoring black carbon in real time. The portable sensor could help expand an accurate observation network to establish disease risk and create effective public health policies.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:23 EST

A new, comprehensive roadmap for the future of biomedical engineering

Experts published a detailed position paper on the field of biomedical engineering which lays the foundation for a concerted worldwide effort to achieve technological and medical breakthroughs.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:17 EST

What math tells us about social dilemmas

Human coexistence depends on cooperation. Individuals have different motivations and reasons to collaborate, resulting in social dilemmas, such as the well-known prisoner's dilemma. Scientists now present a new mathematical principle that helps to understand the cooperation of individuals with different characteristics.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:09 EST

What will it take for China to reach carbon neutrality by 2060?

To become carbon neutral by 2060, China will have to build eight to 10 times more wind and solar power installations than existed in 2022, according to a new study. Reaching carbon neutrality will also require major construction of transmission lines.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:46:03 EST

Reimagining electron microscopy: Bringing high-end resolution to lower-cost microscopes

Researchers have shown that expensive aberration-corrected microscopes are no longer required to achieve record-breaking microscopic resolution.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 20:41:10 EST

The mutual neutralization of hydronium and hydroxide

Researchers have been able to directly visualize the neutral products of the mutual neutralization of hydronium and hydroxide, and report three different product channels: two channels were attributed to a predominant electron-transfer mechanism, and a smaller channel was associated with proton transfer. The two-beam collision experiment is an important step toward understanding the quantum dynamics of this fundamental reaction.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:24 EST

Robots, monitoring and healthy ecosystems could halve pesticide use without hurting productivity

Smarter crop farming that combats weeds, insect pests and plant diseases by integrating modern technologies like AI-based monitoring, robotics, and next-generation biotechnology with healthy and resilient agricultural ecosystems.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:19 EST

New world record for CIGS solar cells

A new record for electrical energy generation from CIGS solar cells has been reached. Scientists have achieved a 23.64 percent efficiency.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:46:16 EST

A novel method for easy and quick fabrication of biomimetic robots with life-like movement

Ultraviolet-laser processing is a promising technique for developing intricate microstructures, enabling complex alignment of muscle cells, required for building life-like biohybrid actuators. Compared to traditional complex methods, this innovative technique enables easy and quick fabrication of microstructures with intricate patterns for achieving different muscle cell arrangements, paving the way for biohybrid actuators capable of complex, flexible movements.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:45:57 EST

Metal scar found on cannibal star

When a star like our Sun reaches the end of its life, it can ingest the surrounding planets and asteroids that were born with it. Now, researchers have found a unique signature of this process for the first time -- a scar imprinted on the surface of a white dwarf star.
Mon, 26 Feb 2024 11:40:47 EST

Scientists closer to solving mysteries of universe after measuring gravity in quantum world

Scientists are closer to unravelling the mysterious forces of the universe after working out how to measure gravity on a microscopic level. Experts have never fully understood how the force works in the tiny quantum world -- but now physicists have successfully detected a weak gravitational pull on a tiny particle using a new technique.
Sun, 25 Feb 2024 21:25:12 EST

Measuring the properties of light: Scientists realize new method for determining quantum states

Scientists have used a new method to determine the characteristics of optical, i.e. light-based, quantum states. For the first time, they are using certain photon detectors -- devices that can detect individual light particles -- for so-called homodyne detection. The ability to characterize optical quantum states makes the method an essential tool for quantum information processing.
Sun, 25 Feb 2024 21:25:03 EST

Using mussels and silkworm cocoons to stop organ bleeding

A collaborative research team develops an absorbent multifunctional nanofiber adhesive hemostat based on a protein biomaterial.
Fri, 23 Feb 2024 10:38:59 EST

UBC Okanagan researchers look to the past to improve construction sustainability

Researchers are revisiting old building practices -- the use of by-products and cast-offs -- as a way to improve building materials and sustainability of the trade. A technique known as rammed earth construction uses materials that are alternatives to cement and are often more readily available in the environment. One such alternative is wood fly ash, a by-product of pulp mills and coal-fired power plants.
Fri, 23 Feb 2024 10:38:46 EST

Mixed-dimensional transistors enable high-performance multifunctional electronic devices

Downscaling of electronic devices, such as transistors, has reached a plateau, posing challenges for semiconductor fabrication. However, a research team led by materials scientists recently discovered a new strategy for developing highly versatile electronics with outstanding performance, using transistors made of mixed-dimensional nanowires and nanoflakes. This innovation paves the way for simplified chip circuit design, offering versatility and low power dissipation in future electronics.
Fri, 23 Feb 2024 10:38:22 EST

Researchers harness 2D magnetic materials for energy-efficient computing

Researchers used ultrathin van der Waals materials to create an electron magnet that can be switched at room temperature. This type of magnet could be used to build magnetic processors or memories that would consume far less energy than traditional devices made from silicon.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 21:41:23 EST

Chemists synthesize unique anticancer molecules using novel approach

Nearly 30 years ago, scientists discovered a unique class of anticancer molecules in a family of bryozoans, a phylum of marine invertebrates found in tropical waters. The chemical structures of these molecules, which consist of a dense, highly complex knot of oxidized rings and nitrogen atoms, has attracted the interest of organic chemists worldwide, who aimed to recreate these structures from scratch in the laboratory. However, despite considerable effort, it has remained an elusive task. Until now, that is. A team of chemists has succeeded in synthesizing eight of the compounds for the first time using an approach that combines inventive chemical strategy with the latest technology in small molecule structure determination.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 21:40:42 EST

Webb finds evidence for neutron star at heart of young supernova remnant

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope has found the best evidence yet for emission from a neutron star at the site of a recently observed supernova. The supernova, known as SN 1987A, was a core-collapse supernova, meaning the compacted remains at its core formed either a neutron star or a black hole. Evidence for such a compact object has long been sought, and while indirect evidence for the presence of a neutron star has previously been found, this is the first time that the effects of high-energy emission from the probable young neutron star have been detected.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 21:40:25 EST

A new beginning: The search for more temperate Tatooines

Luke Skywalker's childhood might have been slightly less harsh if he'd grown up on a more temperate Tatooine -- like the ones identified in a new study. According to the study's authors, there are more climate-friendly planets in binary star systems -- in other words, those with two suns -- than previously known. And, they say, it may be a sign that, at least in some ways, the universe leans in the direction of orderly alignment rather than chaotic misalignment.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:24:25 EST

Photon upconversion: Steering light with supercritical coupling

Researchers have unveiled a novel concept termed 'supercritical coupling' that enables several folds increase in photon upconversion efficiency. This discovery not only challenges existing paradigms, but also opens a new direction in the control of light emission.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:24:07 EST

Brightest and fastest-growing: Astronomers identify record-breaking quasar

Astronomers have characterized a bright quasar, finding it to be not only the brightest of its kind, but also the most luminous object ever observed. Quasars are the bright cores of distant galaxies and they are powered by supermassive black holes. The black hole in this record-breaking quasar is growing in mass by the equivalent of one Sun per day, making it the fastest-growing black hole to date.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:23:24 EST

A new vibrant blue pottery pigment with less cobalt

Whether ultramarine, cerulean, Egyptian or cobalt, blue pigments have colored artworks for centuries. Now, seemingly out of the blue, scientists have discovered a new blue pigment that uses less cobalt but still maintains a brilliant shine. Though something like this might only happen once in a blue moon, the cobalt-doped barium aluminosilicate colorant withstands the high temperatures found in a kiln and provides a bright color to glazed tiles.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:23:15 EST

Three years later, search for life on Mars continues

Scientists suspect Mars once had long-lived rivers, lakes and streams. Today, water on Mars is found in ice at the poles and trapped below the Martian surface. Researchers now reveal that Mars also may have had hydrothermal systems based on the hydrated magnesium sulfate the rover identified in the volcanic rocks.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:23:12 EST

Graphene research: Numerous products, no acute dangers found by study

Graphene is an enormously promising material. It consists of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb pattern and has extraordinary properties: exceptional mechanical strength, flexibility, transparency and outstanding thermal and electrical conductivity. If the already two-dimensional material is spatially restricted even more, for example into a narrow ribbon, controllable quantum effects can be created. This could enable a wide range of applications, from vehicle construction and energy storage to quantum computing.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 12:19:22 EST

New realistic computer model will help robots collect Moon dust

A new computer model mimics Moon dust so well that it could lead to smoother and safer Lunar robot teleoperations.
Thu, 22 Feb 2024 00:45:54 EST

Method identified to double computer processing speeds

Scientists introduce what they call 'simultaneous and heterogeneous multithreading' or SHMT. This system doubles computer processing speeds with existing hardware by simultaneously using graphics processing units (GPUs), hardware accelerators for artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), or digital signal processing units to process information.
Wed, 21 Feb 2024 21:39:07 EST

Physicists discover a quantum state with a new type of emergent particles: Six-flux composite fermions

Physicists have reported a new fractional quantum Hall state that is very different from all other known fractional states and will invoke the existence of a new type of emergent particle, which they are calling six-flux composite fermions.
Wed, 21 Feb 2024 21:38:52 EST

Little groundwater recharge in ancient Mars aquifer, according to new models

Mars was once a wet world. The geological record of the Red Planet shows evidence for water flowing on the surface -- from river deltas to valleys carved by massive flash floods. But a new study shows that no matter how much rainfall fell on the surface of ancient Mars, very little of it seeped into an aquifer in the planet's southern highlands.
Wed, 21 Feb 2024 21:38:29 EST

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