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Quantum entanglement measures Earth rotation

Researchers carried out a pioneering experiment where they measured the effect of the rotation of Earth on quantum entangled photons. The work represents a significant achievement that pushes the boundaries of rotation sensitivity in entanglement-based sensors, potentially setting the stage for further exploration at the intersection between quantum mechanics and general relativity.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:19:36 EDT

Researchers use large language models to help robots navigate

A technique can plan a trajectory for a robot using only language-based inputs. While it can't outperform vision-based approaches, it could be useful in settings that lack visual data to use for training.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:19:29 EDT

New approach to identifying altermagnetic materials

An international team has discovered a spectrum characteristic of an altermagnetic material with X-ray magnetic circular dichroism.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:19:21 EDT

A liquid crystal source of photon pairs

Spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), as a source of entangled photons, is of great interest for quantum physics and quantum technology, but so far it could be only implemented in solids. Researchers have demonstrated, for the first time, SPDC in a liquid crystal. The results open a path to a new generation of quantum sources: efficient and electric-field tunable.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:19:16 EDT

Strengthener for graphene

Layers of carbon atoms in a honeycomb array are a true supermaterial: their unusually high conductivity and favorable mechanical properties could further the development of bendable electronics, new batteries, and innovative composite materials for aeronautics and space flight. However, the development of elastic and tough films remains a challenge. A research team has now introduced a method to overcome this hurdle: they linked graphene nanolayers via 'extendable' bridging structures.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:19:08 EDT

Self-assembling and disassembling swarm molecular robots via DNA molecular controller

Researchers have succeeded in developing a DNA-based molecular controller. Crucially, this controller enables the autonomous assembly and disassembly of molecular robots, as opposed to manually directing it.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:18:57 EDT

Concrete-nitrogen mix may provide major health and environment benefits

Adding nitrogen to concrete could significantly reduce the amount of greenhouse gases created by the construction industry.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:18:44 EDT

Synthetic data holds the key to determining best statewide transit investments

Synthetically generated population data can reveal the equity impacts of distributing transportation resources and funding across diverse regions, according to new research.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:18:34 EDT

Novel insights into fluorescent 'dark states' illuminate ways forward for improved imaging

Scientists address decades-long problem in the field of single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer, paving the way for more accurate experiments.
Fri, 14 Jun 2024 14:18:19 EDT

AI can help doctors make better decisions and save lives

A recent study found that hospitalized patients were 43 percent more likely to have their care escalated and significantly less likely to die if their care team received AI-generated alerts signaling adverse changes in their health.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:23 EDT

Making ferromagnets ready for ultra-fast communication and computation technology

Researchers have made a significant breakthrough in how to enable and exploit ultra-fast spin behavior in ferromagnets. The research paves the way for ultra-high frequency applications.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:10 EDT

Lab achieves major gains in perovskite solar cell stability

Researchers have developed new chemistry to achieve commercially relevant stability and performance for perovskite solar cells.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 22:19:08 EDT

New fabric makes urban heat islands more bearable

Researchers detail a new wearable fabric that can help urban residents survive the worst impacts of massive heat caused by global climate change, with applications in clothing, building and car design, and food storage. By addressing both direct solar heating and the thermal radiation emitting from pavement and buildings in urban heat islands, the material kept 2.3 degrees Celsius (4.1 degrees Fahrenheit) cooler than the broadband emitter fabric used for outdoor endurance sports and 8.9 degrees Celsius (16 degrees Fahrenheit) cooler than the commercialized silk commonly used for shirts, dresses and other summer clothing.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:12:04 EDT

Pair plasmas found in deep space can now be generated in the lab

Researchers have experimentally generated high-density relativistic electron-positron pair-plasma beams by producing two to three orders of magnitude more pairs than previously reported.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:55 EDT

Scientists preserve DNA in an amber-like polymer

With their 'T-REX' method, researchers developed a glassy, amber-like polymer that can be used for long-term storage of DNA, such as entire human genomes or digital files such as photos.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:53 EDT

New dart launcher may be better way to inject animals with drugs

A new type of dart launcher has been developed as a safer and more cost-effective alternative to firearms or air guns to inject animals with drugs or tracking chips.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:44 EDT

Technologies enable 3D imaging of whole human brain hemispheres at subcellular resolution

A suite of three innovations enables high-resolution, high-throughput imaging of human brain tissue at a full range of scales and mapping connectivity of neurons at single cell resolution. To demonstrate the advance, researchers compared a brain region in an Alzheimer's and a control sample.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:11:38 EDT

Clinical decision support software can prevent 95% of medication errors in the operating room, study shows

Findings indicate that such software can dramatically improve patient safety during surgery.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 16:02:32 EDT

New technique improves AI ability to map 3D space with 2D cameras

Researchers have developed a technique that allows artificial intelligence (AI) programs to better map three-dimensional spaces using two-dimensional images captured by multiple cameras. Because the technique works effectively with limited computational resources, it holds promise for improving the navigation of autonomous vehicles.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:09:13 EDT

Watery planets orbiting dead stars may be good candidates for studying life -- if they can survive long enough

The small footprint and dim light of white dwarfs, remnants of stars that have burned through their fuel, may make excellent backdrops for studying planets with enough water to harbor life. The trick is spotting the shadow of a planet against a former star that has withered to a fraction of its size and finding that it's a planet that has kept its water oceans for billions of years even after riding out the star's explosive and violent final throes. A new study of the dynamics of white dwarf systems suggests that, in theory, some watery planets may indeed thread the celestial needles necessary to await discovery and closer scrutiny.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:15 EDT

Mysterious mini-Neptunes

This study discovered mini-Neptunes around four red dwarfs using observations from a global network of ground-based telescopes and the TESS space telescope. These four mini-Neptunes are close to their parent stars, and the three of them are likely to be in eccentric orbits.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:13 EDT

Breakthrough in predicting sudden cardiac death

A new computational method developed by physicists can be used to estimate the risk of sudden cardiac death from a one-minute heart rate measurement at rest. The study was carried out in interdisciplinary collaboration between cardiology and computational physics.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:08:08 EDT

Quantum data assimilation: A quantum leap in weather prediction

Data assimilation is an important mathematical discipline in earth sciences, particularly in numerical weather prediction (NWP). However, conventional data assimilation methods require significant computational resources. To address this, researchers developed a novel method to solve data assimilation on quantum computers, significantly reducing the computation time. The findings of the study have the potential to advance NWP systems and will inspire practical applications of quantum computers for advancing data assimilation.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:04:01 EDT

Nanosized blocks spontaneously assemble in water to create tiny floating checkerboards

Researchers have engineered nanosized cubes that spontaneously form a two-dimensional checkerboard pattern when dropped on the surface of water. The work presents a simple approach to create complex nanostructures through a technique called self-assembly.
Thu, 13 Jun 2024 14:03:20 EDT

NASA's Roman mission gets cosmic 'sneak peek' from supercomputers

Researchers used supercomputers to create nearly 4 million simulated images depicting the cosmos.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 17:31:07 EDT

Swimming microrobots deliver cancer-fighting drugs to metastatic lung tumors in mice

Engineers have developed microscopic robots, known as microrobots, capable of swimming through the lungs to deliver cancer-fighting medication directly to metastatic tumors. This approach has shown promise in mice, where it inhibited the growth and spread of tumors that had metastasized to the lungs, thereby boosting survival rates compared to control treatments.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 17:31:04 EDT

Mobile monitoring for an airborne carcinogen in Louisiana's 'Cancer Alley'

Louisiana's southeastern corridor is sometimes known colloquially as 'Cancer Alley' for its high cancer incidence rates connected to industrial air pollution. Most of the region's air pollution-related health risks are attributed to ethylene oxide, a volatile compound used to make plastics and sterilize medical equipment. Researchers measured concerning levels of ethylene oxide in this area with mobile optical instruments, a technique they say could improve health risk assessments.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:09:28 EDT

Laser tests reveal new insights into key mineral for super-Earths

Scientists have for the first time observed how atoms in magnesium oxide morph and melt under ultra-harsh conditions, providing new insights into this key mineral within Earth's mantle that is known to influence planet formation.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:50 EDT

Incorporating 'touch' into social media interactions can increase feelings of support and approval

Including 'tactile emoticons' into social media communications can enhance communication, according to a new study.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:29 EDT

'Synthetic' cell shown to follow chemical directions and change shape, a vital biological function

In a feat aimed at understanding how cells move and creating new ways to shuttle drugs through the body, scientists say they have built a minimal synthetic cell that follows an external chemical cue and demonstrates a governing principle of biology called 'symmetry breaking.'
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:21 EDT

To heal skin, scientists invent living bioelectronics

Engineers have created a patch that combines sensors and bacteria to interact with the body.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:15 EDT

Researchers leverage inkjet printing to make a portable multispectral 3D camera

Researchers have used inkjet printing to create a compact multispectral version of a light field camera. The camera, which fits in the palm of the hand, could be useful for many applications including autonomous driving, classification of recycled materials and remote sensing.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:12 EDT

A 'liquid battery' advance

A team aims to improve options for renewable energy storage through work on an emerging technology -- liquids for hydrogen storage.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:07 EDT

Scientists adapt astronomy method to unblur microscopy images

Researchers have adapted a class of techniques employed in astronomy to unblur images of far-away galaxies for use in the life sciences, providing biologists with a faster and cheaper way to get clearer and sharper microscopy images.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:08:04 EDT

Metal alloys that can take the heat

Complex metal alloys enter a new era of predictive design for aerospace and other high-temperature applications.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 14:07:55 EDT

Robot radiotherapy could improve treatments for eye disease

Researchers have successfully used a new robot system to improve treatment for debilitating eye disease.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:53 EDT

Quantum dots and metasurfaces: Deep connections in the nano world

A team has developed printable, highly efficient light-emitting metasurfaces.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:50 EDT

Towards a new era in flexible piezoelectric sensors for both humans and robots

Flexible piezoelectric sensors are essential to monitor the motions of both humans and humanoid robots. However, existing designs are either are costly or have limited sensitivity. In a recent study, researchers tackled these issues by developing a novel piezoelectric composite material made from electrospun polyvinylidene fluoride nanofibers combined with dopamine. Sensors made from this material showed significant performance and stability improvements at a low cost, promising advancements in medicine, healthcare, and robotics.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:43 EDT

AI better detects prostate cancer on MRI than radiologists

AI detects prostate cancer more often than radiologists. Additionally, AI triggers false alarms half as often. This was a large-scale study where an international team transparently evaluated and compared AI with radiologist assessments and clinical outcomes.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:41 EDT

Breakthrough in next-generation memory technology!

Scientists maximize the efficiency of hafnia-based ferroelectric memory devices.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:38 EDT

Uncovering the nature of emergent magnetic monopoles

To understand the unique physical phenomena associated with the properties of magnetic hedgehogs and antihedgehogs, which behave as virtual magnetic monopoles and antimonopoles respectively, it is essential to study their intrinsic excitations. In a new study, researchers revealed the dynamical nature of collective excitation modes in hedgehog lattices in itinerant chiral magnets. Their findings serve as the foundation for studying the dynamics of emergent magnetic monopoles in magnets.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:16 EDT

An AI-powered wearable system tracks the 3D movement of smart pills in the gut

Scientists have developed an artificial intelligence (AI)-powered system to track tiny devices that monitor markers of disease in the gut. Devices using the novel system may help at-risk individuals monitor their gastrointestinal (GI) tract health at home, without the need for invasive tests in hospital settings.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:07 EDT

AI-powered simulation training improves human performance in robotic exoskeletons

Researchers have demonstrated a new method that leverages artificial intelligence (AI) and computer simulations to train robotic exoskeletons to autonomously help users save energy while walking, running and climbing stairs.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:33:02 EDT

Hybrid work is a 'win-win-win' for companies, workers

In the largest study yet of working-from-home professionals, economists reveal that employees who work from home two days a week are just as productive, likely to get promoted, and far less prone to quit.
Wed, 12 Jun 2024 11:32:35 EDT

Wind from black holes may influence development of surrounding galaxies

Clouds of gas in a distant galaxy are being pushed faster and faster -- at more than 10,000 miles per second -- out among neighboring stars by blasts of radiation from the supermassive black hole at the galaxy's center. It's a discovery that helps illuminate the way active black holes can continuously shape their galaxies by spurring on or snuffing out the development of new stars.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:15:16 EDT

How do supermassive black holes get super massive?

By combining forefront X-ray observations with state-of-the-art supercomputer simulations of the buildup of galaxies over cosmic history, researchers have provided the best modeling to date of the growth of the supermassive black holes found in the centers of galaxies.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:15:13 EDT

Female AI 'teammate' generates more participation from women

An artificial intelligence-powered virtual teammate with a female voice boosts participation and productivity among women on teams dominated by men, according to new research.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:15:11 EDT

From seashells to cement, nature inspires tougher building material

Inspired by the material that makes up oyster and abalone shells, engineers have created a new cement composite that is 17 times more crack-resistant than standard cement and 19 times more able to stretch and deform without breaking. The findings could eventually help increase the crack resistance of a wide range of brittle ceramic materials from concrete to porcelain.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:15:02 EDT

3D-printed mini-actuators can move small soft robots, lock them into new shapes

Researchers have demonstrated miniature soft hydraulic actuators that can be used to control the deformation and motion of soft robots that are less than a millimeter thick. The researchers have also demonstrated that this technique works with shape memory materials, allowing users to repeatedly lock the soft robots into a desired shape and return to the original shape as needed.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:14:59 EDT

New biomarker database designed to improve astronaut health may also be useful to earthlings

As space travel becomes more frequent, a new biomarker tool was developed by an international team of researchers to help improve the growing field of aerospace medicine and the health of astronauts.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:14:46 EDT

Virtual reality as a reliable shooting performance-tracking tool

Virtual reality technology can do more than teach weaponry skills in law enforcement and military personnel, a new study suggests: It can accurately record shooting performance and reliably track individuals' progress over time.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:14:31 EDT

Scientists spot more Milky Way-like galaxies in early universe

Scientists are peering into the past and uncovering new clues about the early universe. Since light takes a long time to travel through space, they are now able to see how galaxies looked billions of years ago. The astronomers have discovered that spiral galaxies were more common in the early universe than previously thought. The scientists found that nearly 30% of galaxies have a spiral structure about 2 billion years after the universe formed. The discovery provides a significant update to the universe's origin story as previously told using data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 17:14:23 EDT

New plasma escape mechanism could protect fusion vessels from excessive heat

The exhaust heat generated by a fusing plasma in a commercial-scale reactor may not be as damaging to the vessel's innards as once thought, according to new research about escaping plasma particles.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:45 EDT

Researchers harness AI for autonomous discovery and optimization of materials

Today, researchers are developing ways to accelerate discovery by combining automated experiments, artificial intelligence and high-performance computing. A novel tool that leverages those technologies has demonstrated that AI can influence materials synthesis and conduct associated experiments without human supervision.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:43 EDT

Origins of fast radio bursts come into focus through polarized light

What scientists previously thought about where Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) come from is just the tip of the iceberg. A new study details the properties of polarized light from 128 non-repeating FRBs and reveals mysterious cosmic explosions that originated in far-away galaxies, similar to our own Milky Way.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:35 EDT

Algae offer real potential as a renewable electricity source

The need to transition away from fossil fuels to more sustainable energy production is critical. That's why a team of researchers is looking at a potential power source that not only produces no carbon emissions but removes carbon as it works: algae.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:27 EDT

How the immune system goes awry during space travel and the implications for human aging on earth

Researching the immune system in space could have payoffs for human aging on earth. Scientists have revealed how the lack of gravity affects the cells of the immune system at single cell resolution.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:21 EDT

Researchers create realistic virtual rodent

To help probe the mystery of how brains control movement, scientists have created a virtual rat with an artificial brain that can move around just like a real rodent. The researchers found that activations in the virtual control network accurately predicted neural activity measured from the brains of real rats producing the same behaviors.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:18 EDT

Would astronauts' kidneys survive a roundtrip to Mars?

The structure and function of the kidneys is altered by space flight, with galactic radiation causing permanent damage that would jeopardise any mission to Mars, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:13 EDT

New technique could help build quantum computers of the future

Researchers have demonstrated a new method that could enable the large-scale manufacturing of optical qubits. The advance could bring us closer to a scalable quantum computer.
Tue, 11 Jun 2024 13:04:08 EDT

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